Holocaust

The Nathan and Esther Pelz Holocaust Education Resource Center

Located in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, HERC “teaches both students and adults the lessons learned from the Holocaust which led to the extermination of six million Jews and five million non-Jews by the Nazis and their collaborators during World War II.”

Information Portal To European Sites of Remembrance

Part of the permanent exhibition at the Information Centre of the Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe in Berlin, this site in English and German provides access to information about a selection of memorials and museums in Europe about the Shoah. You can search the database, browse the alphabetical index or click on a country on the map.

Amud Aish Memorial Museum

Located in Brooklyn, New York, “The museum’s mission is to present the victim experience, with special emphasis on the perspectives of observant Jewish communities.“ In addition to information about the collection and the museum's events, there is a searchable database of archives.

Memorial and Museum of Auschwitz-Birkenau

This site in English, Polish and Chinese provides information about the museum, extensive details about the concentration camp and educational materials including lesson plans.

Holocaust Exhibition and Learning Centre

In partnership with the University of Huddersfield, this site includes stories and videos from survivors of the Shoah and learning materials for schools.

Encyclopedia of the Holocaust in French

From the Memorial de la Shoah in Paris, France comes this multimedia encyclopedia of the Holocaust with entries in French.

Budapest Holocaust Memorial Center

This site in Hungarian and English provides information about the museum's programs and collections documenting the fate of the Jews of Hungary during the Shoah.

Names of Holocaust Victims In Italy

Searchable database in English and Italian of more than 7,000 Italian and foreign Jews deported from Italy and about 2,000 Italian and foreign Jews deported from the Aegean Islands. Personal data includes: surname, name, date and place of birth, surname and name of spouse (if deported), place of arrest, camp of deportation out of Italy and final fate.

Fondation Pour La Memoire de la Shoah

This site for the Foundation for the Memory of the Shoah “supports projects expanding knowledge about the Shoah; provides assistance to survivors in need; encourages the transmission of Jewish culture; and combats anti-Semitism by facilitating intercultural dialogue.” The site is available in French and English.

Arolsen Archives

The database contains a comprehensive collection of documents from concentration camps, including prisoner cards and death notices. The more than 13 million documents featuring information on over 2.2 million people persecuted by the Nazi Regime

Holocaust Research Project

The aim of H.E.A.R.T (The Holocaust Education & Archive Research Team) founded by Carmelo Lisciotto and Chris Webb is to inform and educate people about the Holocaust and the extermination programs conducted by the Nazi regime throughout Europe during the Second World War.”

The Holocaust Responsa Database

The Holocaust Responsa Database, one of its kind in the world, consists of a collection of halakhic questions and answers that were written during and after the Holocaust, and includes a variety of indexes and search options. Searching is in Hebrew.

South African Holocaust and Genocide Foundation

The website of the South African Holocaust and Genocide Foundation provides information about the group and its events, educational programs and resources, and its centers in Cape Town, Durban and Johannesburg.

About the Holocaust

“The World Jewish Congress (WJC) and the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), established aboutholocaust.org with the goal of providing young people with essential information about the history of the Holocaust and its legacy. The interactive online tool includes a range of content — facts that all students should know, video testimonies of survivors, and the latest news updates about Holocaust educational programs and activities — all designed to address misinformation that circulates across social media and other internet forums.”

Stolpersteine in Berlin

Map of the stolpersteine or memorial cobblestones in Berlin with images of the stones.

Yad Vashem

Israel's official memorial to the Holocaust offers information about the time period. Of particular note is the section on ""the righteous among the nations"" which includes biographies of those who have been honored by Yad Vashem as rescuers of Jews.

Zachor: Faith During the Holocaust

Using images of archival documents, abstracts of books, photographs, and video, this site in English and Hebrew documents Jewish faith during the Holocaust. It provides information about Jewish communities affected, testimony from adults and hidden children, and information about how observant Jews managed to keep their faith and follow Jewish law during the Holocaust.

Philatelic and Numismatic Items of the Holocaust

Created by the Center for Genocide and Holocaust Studies at the University of Minnesota, this site offers information about and reproductions of stamps and coins issued in the ghettoes and concentration camps under the Nazis.

Vilna Ghetto Project

“reVilna is an immersible digital map of the Ghetto, built by geographically tagging over two hundred points of historical significance -- pulled from memoirs, archives, original Ghetto documents and artifacts, and oral and historical accounts -- and pairing them with dozens of relevant photographs. Users can explore the Ghetto on their own, using filters to find places and events of interest; or can follow built-in stories, including resistance, culture, health, education, Judenrat and formation and liquidation of the Ghetto.”

Ghetto Fighters House

This museum located in Kibbutz Lochamei Hagetaot in Israel has an English and Hebrew site. Of particular note are the database of material on the life and writings of Janusz Korczak,the famous Polish educator who perished with the orphans he cared for in the Warsaw Ghetto, and the biographies of partisan fighters.

Hannah Senesh

Official web page of the Hannah Senesh Legacy Foundation,this site tells the story of this World War II heroine and offers photographs, samples of her poetry, and material from her diaries.

Holocaust Chronicle

This full text book provides an indepth time table of the Holocaust. You can browse by year and read about significant events of that year.

Holocaust Collection from National Archives

This huge, searchable database of stories and information about looted materials and concentration camps is a collaboration between the National Archives and the US Holocaust Memorial Museum.

Holocaust Encyclopedia

Created by the US Holocaust and Memorial Museum, this extensive work is searchable by keyword and browsable by topic.

Holocaust Literature for Children

This website features an online searchable database of children’s Holocaust literature published in the United States and Canada from 2002 forward.

Holocaust Museum of Houston

The site provides details about the activities, collections, and exhibits of this museum in Houston dedicated to the Shoah.

Holocaust Oral History Collection

Housed at the Hebrew University, this collection contains testimonies going back to the 1960s. Among the 10,000 interviews are those with key individuals involved in the Zionist movement, and other organizations such as the United Jewish Appeal, as well as with men and women who grew up under the British mandate in Palestine, under Communist regimes in Eastern Europe, or in various Jewish communities throughout the world. The site is browsable by subject and searchable.

Holocaust Survivors

This site provides personal testimony from survivors through audio clips, transcripts, and photographs, along with a timeline of Jewish history and persecution, an encyclopedia, and primary documents.

Holocaust Teachers Resource Guide

This searchable site is maintained by the Holocaust Education Foundation and provides links to and information about lesson plans and annotated bibliographies of material related to the teaching of the Shoah.

Holocaust Victims Assets Restitution

This site, in English and Hebrew, details the activities of this company, which was formed to return the assets of the Holocaust victims, or their fair value, to those entitled to them. The company was empowered to locate and coordinate all the assets located in Israel - where there are grounds to assume that their owners perished in the Holocaust - while using the powers of investigation and examination given to it under the Assets Law, as well as to initiate actions to locate the legal heirs to these assets. The site provides reports and articles, along with a list of assets and application forms.

International Tracing Service

This site digitizes “What is left of the card index of the Reich Association of Jews in Germany (Reichsvereinigung der Juden in Deutschland) compriseing 32,264 registration cards, primarily those of Jewish school pupils, emigrants and deceased persons.” You can search by keyword and browse by name and place.

Jewish Foundation for the Righteous

This site describes the programs and speakers bureau of this group dedicated to supporting Holocaust rescuers. Stories of moral courage are highlighted, and you can purchase books on rescuers, the Holocaust, and Anne Frank through the sites link with Amazon.com.

Jewish Partisan Educational Foundation

This site details the story of Jews who escaped from the ghettos, became partisans, and fought the Nazis. The foundation is collecting archival material and oral histories from former partisans and has produced a documentary film about them.

Jewish Resistance in the Holocaust

Created by the Organization of Partizans, Underground and Ghetto Fighters, this site in Hebrew and English provides primary source material about Jewish resistance to the Nazis in the ghettos, forests, and concentration camps. The site is searchable by keyword and browsable by subject.

Jewish Survivors of the Holocaust Tell Their Stories

Collected by the British Library, “these recordings are powerful personal accounts of the Holocaust from Jewish survivors living in Britain. This collection contains interviews from two oral history projects, the Living Memory of the Jewish Community and the Holocaust Survivors Centre Interviews.”

Kindertransport Association (KTA)

"The Kindertransport Association (KTA) is a not-for-profit organization of child holocaust survivors who were sent, without their parents, out of Austria, Germany, Poland and Czechoslovakia to Great Britain." Contact information is given for regional chapters and affiliated organizations; there are also memoirs and links to related sites.

Literature of the Holocaust

This browsable and searchable bibliography of literature related to the Shoah is maintained by Al Filreis at the University of Pennsylvania.

Lodz Ghetto Photographs of Henryk Ross

From the Art Gallery of Ontario comes this collection of 4,000 images from its Henryk Ross Collection. The site is searchable and provides resources for students and teachers.

Map of Execution Sites During the Shoah

Yahad – In Unum is an organization dedicated to identifying mass Jewish execution sites and mass graves in the former Soviet Union. The organization collects forensic evidence and seeks out eyewitnesses to the executions of Jews and Roma to identify holocaust sites where the Nazis and their allies murdered Jews in towns and villages throughout Eastern Europe. If you select a red dot on the map you can read details about the site, including the number of witnesses interviewed and details and videos from eye witnesses.

March of the Living

The March of the Living is an international, educational program that brings Jewish teens from all over the world to Poland to retrace the death march from Auschwitz to Birkenau and then to Israel. In addition to sections for alumni and parents, there is also a chat room and an online curriculum for the program. Alumni may also participate in a virtual online conference.

Missing Identity

The Missing Identity website helps child survivors of Holocaust find information about their own past and that of their families. The site is searchable and browsable by last name and also offers profiles of the children and stories by them.

Montreal Memorial Holocaust Centre

Information In English and French about this museum in Canada about the Shoah.

Museum of Tolerance

This site produced by the Simon Wiesenthal Center provides extensive information about the Holocaust including a detailed alphabetical index to information on individuals and specific topics, full-text articles and books, photo and map collections, bibliographies, a timeline, a glossary, teacher's resources, and frequently asked questions.

National Holocaust Centre and Museum

Located in Nottinghamshire in England, the website of this center provides information about its activities and research on the Shoah. You can also search its library catalog.

Organization of Partisans, Underground Fighters, and Ghetto Rebels in Israel

This Hebrew and English sites provides oral histories and statistics about those Jews who fought against the Nazis.

Raoul Wallenberg

The official Raoul Wallenberg site that seeks to compile a bibliography of works about Wallenberg, and strives to educate people about his rescue work in Budapest during the Holocaust. Books are available for sale, and there is a set of relevant links provided as well.

Refugee Family Papers Map

The Refugee Family Papers Map allows you to explore and search the collection of refugee family papers in the Wiener Library by location. These documents have been donated to the library over the years by Jewish refugees and their families, who escaped Nazi persecution by emigrating from Germany and other Nazi-dominated countries before and during World War II.

Refugee Scholars of the Nazi Era

“From the files of over 5,000 scholars who wrote to the Emergency Committee in Aid of Displaced Scholars for help between 1933 and 1945, we identified 80 female scientists and mathematicians. Here are short biographies of each of them. “ This site is housed at Northeastern University.

Rochester Holocaust Survivors Archive

“This archive includes interviews conducted and materials gathered by the Center for Holocaust Awareness and Information (CHAI) of the Jewish Federation of Rochester. In addition to the resources developed by CHAI over the past 35 years, the archive includes copies of all Rochester survivor interviews filmed locally for Steven Spielberg's Survivors of the SHOAH Foundation's Visual History Project. Additionally the archive includes survivor profiles and photographs made available from Monroe Community College's Holocaust Genocide and Human Rights Project.”

Sarah and Chaim Neuberger Holocaust Education Centre of Toronto

Information about this museum in Canada about the Shoah. Of particular interest is the ability to search the Frank and Anita Ekstein Holocaust Resource Collection.

Simon Wiesenthal Center

Located in Los Angeles, California, this center monitors hate groups worldwide. There is an online exhibit from the Museum of Tolerance as well as educational material produced by the museum.

Stolpersteine Online

Since 1997 German artist Gunter Demnig has been creating memorials for individual victims of the Holocaust. The stolpersteine (stumbling blocks) are small, cobblestone-sized memorials for individual victims of Nazism. This map indicates the current locations of 35,000 of them. The site is in German.

Synagogues in Germany: A Virtual Reconstruction

The architecture department of the Technical University of Darmstadt under the direction of Prof. Manfred Koob and Dipl. Ing. Marc Grellert have created reconstructions of synagogues in Berlin, Dortmund, Dresden, Frankfurt, Hanover, Kaiserslautern, Cologne, Leipzig, Munich, Nuremberg, and Plauen that were destroyed by the Nazis in 1938.

Teaching the Holocaust using Postage Stamps

A teaching guide, dictionary of terms, and instructions accompany this educational activity created by Chaya Ostrower and designed to teach about the Holocaust through stamps, pictures, texts and children's paintings.

The Einsatzgruppen Archives

Browsable collection of materials related to the Nazi troops whose mission was to round up and kill Jews. The site contains many primary source materials including the operational situation reports filed by the Nazis in this unit.

The Holocaust Resource Project

Part of the GoIsrael project, this site houses a large collection of Holocaust links arranged by category.

The International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance

“The International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance (IHRA) is an intergovernmental body whose purpose is to place political and social leaders’ support behind the need for Holocaust education, remembrance and research both nationally and internationally. “ The site provides teaching guidelines and other instructional material for teaching about the Holocaust as well as other relevant links.

The Memorial Book of the Federal Archives for the Victims of the Persecution of Jews in Germany (1933-1945)

The Memorial Book records only those who were residents of the German Reich between 1933 and 1945, according to the borders of 1937. Its contents are searchable by a variety of parameters.

The Nizkor Project

Nizkor, meaning "we will remember," is Ken McVay's major project to counter Holocaust deniers. This extensive site offers large numbers of documents dedicated to this end. There is primary source material and photos on the concentration camps, individuals of the period, revisionists, and bibliographies. Sections on the Nuremberg Trials and Holocaust organizations are also provided, as well as a review of the revisionist movement. Although the site has not been updated in a while, it is still a useful resource.

The Polish Righteous

A searchable database of righteous Gentiles in Poland developed by the Museum of Polish Jewish History. The site in English and Polish includes stories, a glossary, bibliography and links to other resources.

The Right Address: Hiding Jews in Occupied Warsaw

From The POLIN Museum of the History of Polish Jews comes this interactive map that tells the stories of Warsaw citizens who helped the Jews in Poland during World War II. The main navigation method used to access the stories is a vintage map of the city which allows you to select these stories by neighborhood.

The Shoah Foundation: Stephen Spielberg's Oral History of the Holocaust

The University of Southern California houses Steven Spielberg's archive of more than 50,000 stories by survivors. The site provides details of the oral history project, including a break down by country of the stories origins. Links to other relevant resources are also available.

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

More than a museum, this searchable site provides a vast wealth of information about the Holocaust and the many projects and educational programs it houses.

Vancouver Holocaust Education Centre

“Western Canada's largest collection of Holocaust-related artefacts, survivor testimonies, archival materials and publications”

Voice/Vision Holocaust Survivor Oral History Archive

From the University of Michigan at Dearborn comes this collection of 300 oral histories, 100 of which are online. You can browse through the collection alphabetically by contributor. There is also a good collection of links related to the Shoah.

Voices from Ravensbruck

From Lund University in Sweden comes this digital archive of over 500 survivors testimonies from a Nazi concentration camp translated into English

Voices of the Holocaust

"First-hand accounts of incredible tales of horror, survival, and liberation of 70 victims of Nazi atrocities and oppression during World War II. The interviewees included farmers, lawyers, artists, carpenters and others from all economic levels, and covering many religions, nationalities, and languages from across Europe." The interviews were conducted in 1946 in displaced persons camps around Europe and transcribed into English by Dr. David Pablo Boder, an Illinois Institute of Technology (IIT) psychology professor.

Women and the Holocaust 

Poetry, book reviews, personal reflections, academic essays, and tributes to rescuers are among the topics covered in this extensive site, designed by B. Webb Associates and edited by survivor Judy (Weissenberg) Cohen, and dedicated to the memory of women who were murdered during the Holocaust. Of particular note are the extensive and very current bibliographies in three major areas--the period before and after the Holocaust, documenting the Holocaust, and gender issues.

World Memory Project

Launched in 2011 as a collaboration between the US Holocaust Memorial Museum and Ancestry.com, the goal of this initiative is to enlist the help of the public making the records of the victims searchable online and restore the identities of people the Nazis tried to erase from history, one person at a time.” Using digital images of historical documents and special software developed by Ancestry, contributors can help make these documents searchable online by typing in information from the digital images into a database.

People of a Thousand Towns: The Online Catalog of Photographs of JewishLife in Prewar Eastern Europe

This collection of 17,000 photographs from the YIVO archives is a visual record of pre-World War II Jewish communities. In some cases, the pictures are all that remains. Online albums document holiday observance, Yiddish writers, immigration, women's roles, and formal studio portraits. Users must register to search the full catalog.

AMCHA: Israeli Centers for Holocaust Survivors and Second Generation

From this web site you can find out about the news and mission of the group and browse its archives dating back to 1995. Of particular note are the two sections of resources on finding relatives and entering claims for reparations.

Amud Aish Holocaust Museum

Fouded by Elie Kleinman, the goal of this museum in Brooklyn, New York is to present the Shoah to Orthodox Jews.

Anne Frank House

In German, English and Dutch, this site provides information about the house in Amsterdam where Anne Frank hid and her diary.

Anne Frank On-Line

Sponsored by the Anne Frank Center of the United States, this site provides information about the life and times of Anne Frank as well as information on the organization.

Archives of the Los Angeles Museum of the Holocaust

You can search this collection of 22,000 documents and photos from this California museum and obtain digitized versions of the material.

Bibliography of Holocaust Rescuers

Begun by Mary Mark, this is a lengthy hypertext bibliography of books by and about rescuers. These bibliographies were originally compiled by Mary Mark, who maintained them until November 2000. They are now being maintained by Mark Klempner.

CANDLES Holocaust Museum

C.A.N.D.L.E.S. which stands for Children of Auschwitz Nazi Deadly Lab Experiments Survivors, is Indiana's only Holocaust museum.

Central Database of Shoah Victims Names

This extraordinary, searchable database has compiled the names of more than 3 million Jews who were murdered by the Nazis. The names are compiled from Pages of Testimony (forms with biographical data on victims submitted by family, friends, and acquaintances), which have been gathered since the 1950s as well as from lists of names compiled for a variety of purposes by the Nazis and other entities in Europe during and after WWII.

Cybary of the Holocaust

This site provides artistic and educational materials related to education about the Shoah.

Documentation Center of North African Jewry during WWII

“The Center is setting up a data base on the internet that will be available to the general public and researchers and will enable them to obtain information through thousands of indexed documents from archives in Israel and abroad on North-African Jewry during World War II.” From Yad Yitzchak Ben Zvi.

Encyclopedia of America's Response to the Holocaust

From the David S. Wyman Institute for Holocaust Studies comes this full text searchable encyclopedia of articles about people and events related to how the United States responded to the Shoah.

European Holocaust Research Infrastructure (EHRI)

The portal is part of the EHRI project and contains information on Holocaust-related material from an extensive list of archives across Europe and beyond. Users can search the portal by keyword or using advanced search field options. 

Execution Sites of Jews

Map of sites investigated by Yahad-in-Unum. When you iinput a site, you see it on the map and are given access to recordings of witnesses to the executions.

Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies

This collection of over 4,000 videotaped interviews with witnesses and survivors of the Holocaust is housed at Yale University. Excerpts from the testimonies are provided and the archive is searchable.

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