The "Bricha" movement operated in Europe from the end of World War II until the establishment of the State of Israel, and was responsible for the smuggling of some three hundred thousand Holocaust survivors from Eastern Europe to Israel. The site provides resources about the history of the organization.
The Lithuanian Jewish Communities in the Face of the Holocaust: (Un)Forgotten Names and Fates
Located in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, HERC “teaches both students and adults the lessons learned from the Holocaust which led to the extermination of six million Jews and five million non-Jews by the Nazis and their collaborators during World War II.”
Information Portal To European Sites of Remembrance
Part of the permanent exhibition at the Information Centre of the Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe in Berlin, this site in English and German provides access to information about a selection of memorials and museums in Europe about the Shoah. You can search the database, browse the alphabetical index or click on a country on the map.
Located in Brooklyn, New York, “The museum’s mission is to present the victim experience, with special emphasis on the perspectives of observant Jewish communities.“ In addition to information about the collection and the museum's events, there is a searchable database of archives.
Searchable database in English and Italian of more than 7,000 Italian and foreign Jews deported from Italy and about 2,000 Italian and foreign Jews deported from the Aegean Islands. Personal data includes: surname, name, date and place of birth, surname and name of spouse (if deported), place of arrest, camp of deportation out of Italy and final fate.
This site for the Foundation for the Memory of the Shoah “supports projects expanding knowledge about the Shoah; provides assistance to survivors in need; encourages the transmission of Jewish culture; and combats anti-Semitism by facilitating intercultural dialogue.” The site is available in French and English.
The database contains a comprehensive collection of documents from concentration camps, including prisoner cards and death notices. The more than 13 million documents featuring information on over 2.2 million people persecuted by the Nazi Regime
The aim of H.E.A.R.T (The Holocaust Education & Archive Research Team) founded by Carmelo Lisciotto and Chris Webb is to inform and educate people about the Holocaust and the extermination programs conducted by the Nazi regime throughout Europe during the Second World War.”
The Holocaust Responsa Database, one of its kind in the world, consists of a collection of halakhic questions and answers that were written during and after the Holocaust, and includes a variety of indexes and search options. Searching is in Hebrew.
The website of the South African Holocaust and Genocide Foundation provides information about the group and its events, educational programs and resources, and its centers in Cape Town, Durban and Johannesburg.
“The World Jewish Congress (WJC) and the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), established aboutholocaust.org with the goal of providing young people with essential information about the history of the Holocaust and its legacy. The interactive online tool includes a range of content — facts that all students should know, video testimonies of survivors, and the latest news updates about Holocaust educational programs and activities — all designed to address misinformation that circulates across social media and other internet forums.”
Israel's official memorial to the Holocaust offers information about the time period. Of particular note is the section on ""the righteous among the nations"" which includes biographies of those who have been honored by Yad Vashem as rescuers of Jews.
Using images of archival documents, abstracts of books, photographs, and video, this site in English and Hebrew documents Jewish faith during the Holocaust. It provides information about Jewish communities affected, testimony from adults and hidden children, and information about how observant Jews managed to keep their faith and follow Jewish law during the Holocaust.
Created by the Center for Genocide and Holocaust Studies at the University of Minnesota, this site offers information about and reproductions of stamps and coins issued in the ghettoes and concentration camps under the Nazis.
“reVilna is an immersible digital map of the Ghetto, built by geographically tagging over two hundred points of historical significance -- pulled from memoirs, archives, original Ghetto documents and artifacts, and oral and historical accounts -- and pairing them with dozens of relevant photographs. Users can explore the Ghetto on their own, using filters to find places and events of interest; or can follow built-in stories, including resistance, culture, health, education, Judenrat and formation and liquidation of the Ghetto.”
This museum located in Kibbutz Lochamei Hagetaot in Israel has an English and Hebrew site. Of particular note are the database of material on the life and writings of Janusz Korczak,the famous Polish educator who perished with the orphans he cared for in the Warsaw Ghetto, and the biographies of partisan fighters.
Housed at the Hebrew University, this collection contains testimonies going back to the 1960s. Among the 10,000 interviews are those with key individuals involved in the Zionist movement, and other organizations such as the United Jewish Appeal, as well as with men and women who grew up under the British mandate in Palestine, under Communist regimes in Eastern Europe, or in various Jewish communities throughout the world. The site is browsable by subject and searchable.
This searchable site is maintained by the Holocaust Education Foundation and provides links to and information about lesson plans and annotated bibliographies of material related to the teaching of the Shoah.
This site, in English and Hebrew, details the activities of this company, which was formed to return the assets of the Holocaust victims, or their fair value, to those entitled to them. The company was empowered to locate and coordinate all the assets located in Israel - where there are grounds to assume that their owners perished in the Holocaust - while using the powers of investigation and examination given to it under the Assets Law, as well as to initiate actions to locate the legal heirs to these assets. The site provides reports and articles, along with a list of assets and application forms.
This site digitizes “What is left of the card index of the Reich Association of Jews in Germany (Reichsvereinigung der Juden in Deutschland) compriseing 32,264 registration cards, primarily those of Jewish school pupils, emigrants and deceased persons.” You can search by keyword and browse by name and place.
This site describes the programs and speakers bureau of this group dedicated to supporting Holocaust rescuers. Stories of moral courage are highlighted, and you can purchase books on rescuers, the Holocaust, and Anne Frank through the sites link with Amazon.com.
This site details the story of Jews who escaped from the ghettos, became partisans, and fought the Nazis. The foundation is collecting archival material and oral histories from former partisans and has produced a documentary film about them.
Created by the Organization of Partizans, Underground and Ghetto Fighters, this site in Hebrew and English provides primary source material about Jewish resistance to the Nazis in the ghettos, forests, and concentration camps. The site is searchable by keyword and browsable by subject.
Jewish Survivors of the Holocaust Tell Their Stories
Collected by the British Library, “these recordings are powerful personal accounts of the Holocaust from Jewish survivors living in Britain. This collection contains interviews from two oral history projects, the Living Memory of the Jewish Community and the Holocaust Survivors Centre Interviews.”
"The Kindertransport Association (KTA) is a not-for-profit organization of child holocaust survivors who were sent, without their parents, out of Austria, Germany, Poland and Czechoslovakia to Great Britain." Contact information is given for regional chapters and affiliated organizations; there are also memoirs and links to related sites.
Yahad – In Unum is an organization dedicated to identifying mass Jewish execution sites and mass graves in the former Soviet Union. The organization collects forensic evidence and seeks out eyewitnesses to the executions of Jews and Roma to identify holocaust sites where the Nazis and their allies murdered Jews in towns and villages throughout Eastern Europe. If you select a red dot on the map you can read details about the site, including the number of witnesses interviewed and details and videos from eye witnesses.
The March of the Living is an international, educational program that brings Jewish teens from all over the world to Poland to retrace the death march from Auschwitz to Birkenau and then to Israel. In addition to sections for alumni and parents, there is also a chat room and an online curriculum for the program. Alumni may also participate in a virtual online conference.
The Missing Identity website helps child survivors of Holocaust find information about their own past and that of their families. The site is searchable and browsable by last name and also offers profiles of the children and stories by them.
This site produced by the Simon Wiesenthal Center provides extensive information about the Holocaust including a detailed alphabetical index to information on individuals and specific topics, full-text articles and books, photo and map collections, bibliographies, a timeline, a glossary, teacher's resources, and frequently asked questions.
The official Raoul Wallenberg site that seeks to compile a bibliography of works about Wallenberg, and strives to educate people about his rescue work in Budapest during the Holocaust. Books are available for sale, and there is a set of relevant links provided as well.
The Refugee Family Papers Map allows you to explore and search the collection of refugee family papers in the Wiener Library by location. These documents have been donated to the library over the years by Jewish refugees and their families, who escaped Nazi persecution by emigrating from Germany and other Nazi-dominated countries before and during World War II.
“From the files of over 5,000 scholars who wrote to the Emergency Committee in Aid of Displaced Scholars for help between 1933 and 1945, we identified 80 female scientists and mathematicians. Here are short biographies of each of them. “ This site is housed at Northeastern University.
“This archive includes interviews conducted and materials gathered by the Center for Holocaust Awareness and Information (CHAI) of the Jewish Federation of Rochester. In addition to the resources developed by CHAI over the past 35 years, the archive includes copies of all Rochester survivor interviews filmed locally for Steven Spielberg's Survivors of the SHOAH Foundation's Visual History Project. Additionally the archive includes survivor profiles and photographs made available from Monroe Community College's Holocaust Genocide and Human Rights Project.”
Sarah and Chaim Neuberger Holocaust Education Centre of Toronto
Since 1997 German artist Gunter Demnig has been creating memorials for individual victims of the Holocaust. The stolpersteine (stumbling blocks) are small, cobblestone-sized memorials for individual victims of Nazism. This map indicates the current locations of 35,000 of them. The site is in German.
The architecture department of the Technical University of Darmstadt under the direction of Prof. Manfred Koob and Dipl. Ing. Marc Grellert have created reconstructions of synagogues in Berlin, Dortmund, Dresden, Frankfurt, Hanover, Kaiserslautern, Cologne, Leipzig, Munich, Nuremberg, and Plauen that were destroyed by the Nazis in 1938.
A teaching guide, dictionary of terms, and instructions accompany this educational activity created by Chaya Ostrower and designed to teach about the Holocaust through stamps, pictures, texts and children's paintings.
Browsable collection of materials related to the Nazi troops whose mission was to round up and kill Jews. The site contains many primary source materials including the operational situation reports filed by the Nazis in this unit.
“The International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance (IHRA) is an intergovernmental body whose purpose is to place political and social leaders’ support behind the need for Holocaust education, remembrance and research both nationally and internationally. “ The site provides teaching guidelines and other instructional material for teaching about the Holocaust as well as other relevant links.
The Memorial Book of the Federal Archives for the Victims of the Persecution of Jews in Germany (1933-1945)
Nizkor, meaning "we will remember," is Ken McVay's major project to counter Holocaust deniers. This extensive site offers large numbers of documents dedicated to this end. There is primary source material and photos on the concentration camps, individuals of the period, revisionists, and bibliographies. Sections on the Nuremberg Trials and Holocaust organizations are also provided, as well as a review of the revisionist movement. Although the site has not been updated in a while, it is still a useful resource.
A searchable database of righteous Gentiles in Poland developed by the Museum of Polish Jewish History. The site in English and Polish includes stories, a glossary, bibliography and links to other resources.
From The POLIN Museum of the History of Polish Jews comes this interactive map that tells the stories of Warsaw citizens who helped the Jews in Poland during World War II. The main navigation method used to access the stories is a vintage map of the city which allows you to select these stories by neighborhood.
The Shoah Foundation: Stephen Spielberg's Oral History of the Holocaust
The University of Southern California houses Steven Spielberg's archive of more than 50,000 stories by survivors. The site provides details of the oral history project, including a break down by country of the stories origins. Links to other relevant resources are also available.
From the University of Michigan at Dearborn comes this collection of 300 oral histories, 100 of which are online. You can browse through the collection alphabetically by contributor. There is also a good collection of links related to the Shoah.
"First-hand accounts of incredible tales of horror, survival, and liberation of 70 victims of Nazi atrocities and oppression during World War II. The interviewees included farmers, lawyers, artists, carpenters and others from all economic levels, and covering many religions, nationalities, and languages from across Europe." The interviews were conducted in 1946 in displaced persons camps around Europe and transcribed into English by Dr. David Pablo Boder, an Illinois Institute of Technology (IIT) psychology professor.
Poetry, book reviews, personal reflections, academic essays, and tributes to rescuers are among the topics covered in this extensive site, designed by B. Webb Associates and edited by survivor Judy (Weissenberg) Cohen, and dedicated to the memory of women who were murdered during the Holocaust. Of particular note are the extensive and very current bibliographies in three major areas--the period before and after the Holocaust, documenting the Holocaust, and gender issues.
Launched in 2011 as a collaboration between the US Holocaust Memorial Museum and Ancestry.com, the goal of this initiative is to enlist the help of the public making the records of the victims searchable online and restore the identities of people the Nazis tried to erase from history, one person at a time.” Using digital images of historical documents and special software developed by Ancestry, contributors can help make these documents searchable online by typing in information from the digital images into a database.
People of a Thousand Towns: The Online Catalog of Photographs of JewishLife in Prewar Eastern Europe
This collection of 17,000 photographs from the YIVO archives is a visual record of pre-World War II Jewish communities. In some cases, the pictures are all that remains. Online albums document holiday observance, Yiddish writers, immigration, women's roles, and formal studio portraits. Users must register to search the full catalog.
AMCHA: Israeli Centers for Holocaust Survivors and Second Generation
From this web site you can find out about the news and mission of the group and browse its archives dating back to 1995. Of particular note are the two sections of resources on finding relatives and entering claims for reparations.
Begun by Mary Mark, this is a lengthy hypertext bibliography of books by and about rescuers. These bibliographies were originally compiled by Mary Mark, who maintained them until November 2000. They are now being maintained by Mark Klempner.
This extraordinary, searchable database has compiled the names of more than 3 million Jews who were murdered by the Nazis. The names are compiled from Pages of Testimony (forms with biographical data on victims submitted by family, friends, and acquaintances), which have been gathered since the 1950s as well as from lists of names compiled for a variety of purposes by the Nazis and other entities in Europe during and after WWII.
“The Center is setting up a data base on the internet that will be available to the general public and researchers and will enable them to obtain information through thousands of indexed documents from archives in Israel and abroad on North-African Jewry during World War II.” From Yad Yitzchak Ben Zvi.
Encyclopedia of America's Response to the Holocaust
The portal is part of the EHRI project and contains information on Holocaust-related material from an extensive list of archives across Europe and beyond. Users can search the portal by keyword or using advanced search field options.
This collection of over 4,000 videotaped interviews with witnesses and survivors of the Holocaust is housed at Yale University. Excerpts from the testimonies are provided and the archive is searchable.